- Western and developing nations have an increasing epidemic of obesity.
- Increasing ~1% per annum across the world.
- Obesity increases the risk of virtually all disease conditions including Cancer.
- Non sustainable social and economic costs to all society.
- Accept that Fructose, by it’s metabolism, is a appetite stimulant that ‘makes’ us eat more than we should.
- Once ingested, Fructose is largely converted to small dense LDL’s.
- Glucose (carbohydrate) that is not immediately used or stored as glycogen is stored as Fat.
A shift change in our eating profile must happen.
The economics of the obesity epidemic will result in more diabetic patients and disease processes.
There is no health system in the world ready for the onslaught.
There are significant costs involved in obesity management of which a significant number are related to the drug medications and what can be described as “anti-lifestyle you are leading” drugs…..
Anti ‘the lifestyle you are leading’ drugs
- Anti cholesterol
- Anti hypertensive
- Anti diabetic
- Anti cancer
- Anti gout
- Anti depressants
- Anti anxiety
- Anti infertility
- Anti dementia
Read about the Damage Process
Read about the Metabolism
Read about the Health Issues
Food Ideas to Help Yourself
The NoFructose Handout Starter Sheet is your take away summary of this web site. Read it at the NoFructose Starter Sheet area of this web site or download it.
The Obesity Problem
The rate of obesity is increasing approximately 1% per annum in every country in the world and not just that in western societies. It is proving to be a significant economic burden in all countries as well as developing nations. Approximately two thirds of Australian adults are overweight or obese in 2013 and the figures vary slightly from measure to measure but all extrapolated studies are suggesting it is increasing by around 1% per annum.
Australian Bureau of Statistics figures from 2008 estimated that 22% of 5-12 year olds were overweight or obese and 30% of 13-17 year olds we in the same category. Recent reports suggest that these figures are probably deteriorating.
We (Drs Todd Mason and Gary Fettke) studied in 2011 the economic cost of looking after the world’s diabetic population and we will be effectively spending the entire Australian health budget within 20 years when those figures were extrapolated. This is clearly unsustainable and did not take into account any other diseases in society. This was modelled on figures of approximately 1.5 million diabetics in Australia in 2007 and an estimated 3.3 million in 2031. This was at the lower end of the expectations with a range of 3.3-8.25 million being predicted.
Obesity is a worldwide problem. In 1950 there were an estimated 700 million people malnourished in the world and only 100 million obese. By 2010 this was up to around 800 million malnourished and 500 million obese, a five-fold increase. It is forecast by 2030 that there will be up to 1 billion obese people in the world with around 380 million obese just in China alone. China has been documented to have four times the teenage diabetic rate of the United States of America.
These figures are astounding and not sustainable from purely an economic let alone a health and social aspect in the world.
Why do skinny people still get heart attacks, dementia and cancer?
We all have different varying degrees of metabolism, some individuals may be able to ingest large amounts of sugar but not put on weight. Healthy and trim people still metabolise Fructose and Polyunsaturated Oils in the same way and create the same inflammation in the blood vessel walls of every organ in the body. The weight may not be put on but the susceptibility to disease remains.
Food Ideas to Help Yourself
The NoFructose Handout Starter Sheet is your take away summary of this web site. Read it at the NoFructose Starter Sheet area of this web site or download it.
Please add information by going to Contribute to NoFructose.com
Bariatric Surgery – Not My Recommendation
Facebook Blog June 23 2013
I think Lap Banding and Stomach bypass procedures are expensive surgical procedures for an elite few and the procedures have significant risks in the short and long term. Bariatric surgery is not a sustainable option for the wider society. There is a better option by taking control of your diet and lifestyle.
For every success of Bariatric surgery I see a failure. I regularly see people who have had the surgery but have reverted to their old weights and habits. You can still get call calories in a liquefied form. Sure there are the success stories touted in the media and even by surgeons.
Bariatric procedures involve surgery to the upper stomach where constricting devices are inserted or parts of the stomach are excised. These are essentially permanent procedures with permanent changes to your eating technique. Even when the balloons are let down then eating is not normal.
The recent Obesity Guidelines published by the NHMRC a few weeks ago recommend Bariatric Surgery for individuals with a BMI greater than 40 or BMI greater than 35 with comorbidities.
This operation is becoming LESS popular over the last few years. The Australian MBS item numbers in the graph over nearly 20 years reflect this (Black line in graph). There is a DECREASING incidence of this procedure in Australia over the last 4 years despite an increasing obesity problem.
There are an INCREASING number of REVISION procedures when looking at the MBS item numbers (Red line). This may be for reversals or valve balloon issues. Either way revisions are mostly done for problems with the initial procedure.
Surgical complications in these patients are significant and are related to the surgery, the patient size and other health issues. Obese patients are more difficult to operate on – simple fact.
The complications acutely include Excessive bleeding, Infection, Adverse reactions to anaesthesia, Blood clots, Lung or breathing problems, Leaks in the gastrointestinal system and Death (rare).
Longer term problems include Bowel obstruction, Dumping syndrome, causing diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting, Gallstones, Hernias, Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), Malnutrition, Stomach perforation, Ulcers and Death (rare). These are taken from the Mayo Clinic website.
The surgery is not without its problems with a lifelong dependency on altered eating habits. That may not be a bad thing but I would prefer that everyone should have a trial of no sugar first. The problems include reflux and discoordinate eating.
Australian and Tasmanian Obesity is estimated to be increasing by 1% per annum
By my calculations if we were to turn every public hospital operating theatre into doing just Bariatric surgery every day of the week then we would only just keep pace with the number of new cases every year in Tasmania. This is not an option. Every year we are going backwards, let alone managing to make any inroads into the number who already need the surgery.
The NMMRC guidelines are not achievable. The only way to curb our obesity pandemic is to look at our diet and lifestyle. You know I believe it comes down to too much Fructose and Polyunsaturated Oils and Fats with the added insult from refined flours and carbohydrates.
So before you think about a radical and expensive surgical procedure with its incumbent short and long term complications think hard about really looking at your diet and changing it. It may very well save your life without the risks of surgery. Same goes for someone you know who might be considering the surgery.
NoFructose is easier than you think and costs nothing with no side effects apart from coming off the sugar fix and realising how much you want that sweet hit. It passes before you know it and you will feel the benefits of taking control of your future.
No Fructose and Not Losing Weight – What’s the Problem
Facebook Blog August 3 2013
I have had some people who want to lose weight tell me that they have given up sugar and ‘complain’ that they have not lost weight. What else do they need to do?
I saw a lady yesterday who reminded me of this. She has lost 45 kg by eating properly and cutting down her portions. Simple as eating off an entrée sized plate for her. Guess what happened to her knee and body pains – a no brainer.
The dinner plate of the 1950’s is the size of an entrée plate now. We are supersizing ourselves on our plates and then onto our waistline.
Getting rid of sugar out of your daily intake should make you less hungry and you will feel better. After that it is about looking at the calories you are taking in. If you are still not losing weight then you are taking in too much fuel.
Here are a few ideas worth repeating.
Start the day with a good breakfast – protein, fat and a small amount of complex carbs.
EAT ONLY WHEN YOU ARE HUNGRY. Do not eat meals out of habit.
Keep up plenty of water intake. Half an hour before a meal have a large glass or 2 of water.
Thirst is often registered by the brain as hunger. Back to that glass of water. If it still persists then try a glass of milk. The galactose quickly turns into glucose and affects the satiety centre in the hypothalamus and the fat on milk is low GI and keeps you feeling ‘full’.
Do some exercise. It is a great stress reliever and a distractor. You will not burn off a lot of fat whilst in the activity but if you build up some muscle then the resting muscle activity burns up fat 24 hours per day.
Cut way back on the carbs – less bread, pasta, rice and potatoes.
No seconds at the dinner table – if you are desperate for second helpings then force yourself to wait 20 minutes. Most of that urge will go.
Increase the fibre in your diet. It decreases the rate of carbohydrate uptake by the gut with less ‘bounce’ to your blood sugars, it speeds up the transit time of food into your small intestine which gives you that ‘full’ feeling. Processed food just doesn’t do that.
So if you are not losing weight – cut back on the calories, smaller portions of real food rich in fibre and plenty of water and a bit of exercise. All the best.
Ten Reasons You are Not Losing Weight on a Low Carb Diet
From the Poliquin Group
“Every woman knows that carbohydrate is fattening: this is a piece of common knowledge, which few nutritionists would dispute.” —Passmore & Swindells, two British dietitians writing in the British Journal of Nutrition in 1963
Whether you agree with the above quote or think it’s hilarious nonsense, there’s no doubt that reduced carb diets are useful for losing body fat.
A lot of people find that cutting carbs in favor of a higher protein, higher fat diet is the simplest way to get lean fast. However, people often make mistakes when going low-carb, especially if they are training hard in an effort to accelerate the fat loss process.With these 10 simple tips, you can make going low-carb a lot easier and get better fat loss results.
Mistake #1: Not Restricting Carbohydrates Enough
Low-carb, high-protein diets are effective for fat loss. This is a scientific fact. But, low-carb is a vague term.
Simply cutting the average American man’s carb intake of 310 grams a day in half could be considered low-carb, but if you are overweight and your goal is fat loss, you most likely need to go a lot lower than 155 grams.
A review in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests the 50 to 150 g/day range is too high for losing body fat in overweight, sedentary populations. A useful definition of a low-carb fat loss diet is less than 50 grams of carbs a day, which will lead to the production of ketones.
When the body is producing ketones it is no longer relying on glucose (sugar from carbs) for its fuel source, which is a state that provides significant metabolic benefits and easier fat loss.
Fix It: For best results, get those 50 grams of carbs from vegetables and select fruits, such as berries, pomegranate, or kiwi. Eliminate all grains—whole and processed.
Mistake #2: You are Lean, Active & Restricting Carbs Too Much
The AJCN definition of a low-carb diet as less than 50 grams a day was for sedentary, overweight folks—a population that is likely to have a degree of insulin resistance, inflammation, and a poor metabolism.
Lean, active people who are lifting weights and working out regularly tend to benefit from a higher carb intake, or from cycling carbs in order to replenish muscle glycogen. Carb cycling is also beneficial to improve the brain’s sensitivity to the metabolic hormones, insulin and leptin.
Additional reasons not to go super low in carbs indefinitely include the following:
Reduced thyroid hormone, which lowers body temperature and the amount of calories burned at rest. In lean people this typically leads to fat gain, whereas in overweight folks it leads to blunted fat loss.
Elevated cortisol. Carbs are useful for keeping the stress hormone cortisol in balance by providing an easy energy source for the body. When carb intake is very low, cortisol is released in order to free stored energy and provide glucose to keep you going. Having elevated cortisol all the time causes inflammation, adrenal fatigue, and eventually metabolic problems.
Fix It: If you’re active, pretty lean, and trying to lose fat on a very low-carb diet, try one of the following:
a) increase your daily carbs to the 150 grams a day range,
b) change the type of carbs your eating (try starchy veggies like sweet potato and other roots), or
c) try carb cycling (eat high-glycemic grains or vegetables every 5 to 7 days).
Mistake #3: Not Eating Enough Calories or Fat
A common scenario is that someone starts a low-carb diet but doesn’t eat enough fat, feels terrible, and quits. Calories may be too low, or the ratio between fat, protein, and carbs may be off.
One thing that needs to happen when you go low-carb is your body must adapt to be able to burn fat instead of glucose. If you don’t adequately increase the fat you eat, energy production will be sluggish and you won’t be able to sustain your new way of eating.
Fix It: Chances are you need at least 50 percent of your calories to come from fat to make a low-carb diet work. The actual percentage will obviously vary based on carb and protein intake, but you absolutely want to make fat intake a priority.
Do this by eating fat at every meal, opting for fats from the following delicious sources: Omega-3s from fish and organic meats, medium chain triglycerides from coconut and red palm oil, and monounsaturated fats from olives, olive oil, nuts, and avocados.Mistake #4: Not Eating Enough Vegetables & Fruit
Many people think that a low-carb diet means they don’t have to eat vegetables since vegetables are carbohydrates. Although some people may be eating a low-carb diet and eliminating plant foods, this is generally not the best choice for a few reasons:
• Plants are some of the most nutrient-packed foods on the planet and they go a long way towards reducing inflammation in the body and preventing disease.
• Veggies and fruit provide indigestible fiber, which has been found to make people less hungry so they eat less. Plus, fiber is often lacking on low-carb diets since most people eliminate grains, which are a principal source of fiber in the American diet.
• Lower carb vegetables are a “free for all food” and you can eat as much of them as you want, which is helpful in reducing hunger and filling up your stomach.
This may not be so exciting if you don’t like vegetables, but here’s a hint—figure out a way to enjoy them, whether by trying new ones you’ve never eaten, cooking them with delicious spices and fats, or re-training your taste buds. Eating a lot of veggies is a must if you want success on a low-carb eating plan.
Fix It: Eat 2 to 3 cups of low-carb vegetables at every meal. Here is a brief list of low-glycemic carbs that you can eat liberally: all green vegetables (collards, celery, broccoli, zucchini, etc.), tomatoes, peppers, onions, garlic, eggplant, turnips, cucumbers, green beans, cauliflower, cabbage, asparagus, avocado, mushrooms, bok choy.
Fruit intake should be more individualized. If you are going for a ketogenic diet you will need to seriously limit fruit intake, but you may be able to get away with eating some berries or other lower glycemic fruits since they are still fairly low in carbs, but high in phytonutrients and fiber.
Mistake #5: Eating High-Glycemic Carbs at the Wrong Times
You can pretty much eat low-glycemic vegetables and maybe even berries any time you want, but higher glycemic carbs and refined carbs need to be eaten at specific times in order to avoid blood sugar spikes and reduce the body’s tendency to store them as fat.
Fix It: If you choose to eat “cheat” meals, post-workout is the best time to do so because you will have depleted muscle glycogen stores (the form of carbs that are stored in your muscles to fuel exercise) during training and your body will be primed to replenish those stores with any carbs you eat post-workout.
This does not mean that carbs are necessary, (muscle glycogen is only depleted by about 40 percent from high-volume training) but it’s the best time to eat ’em if you’re going to. The one exception is if are a serious athlete training multiple times a day or perform long-distance endurance training, in which case carbs are important post-workout.
Always avoid higher glycemic carbs pre-workout including most fruit because they will make the body favor carb burning over the use of fat, which is an inferior state for fat loss.
Also, always avoid high-glycemic, “cheat” foods in the morning or when you are under stress because this has been found to trigger greater food intake over the course of the day.
Mistake #6: Eating too much protein and too little fat.
It goes without saying that a lower carbohydrate diet needs to be higher in protein as well as fat.
But, how much protein do you really need? And are there any dangers to just eating as much protein as you can fit down your gullet?
First, if you are restricting carbs but eat more protein than the body needs, some of the amino acids in the protein will be turned into glucose via a process called gluconeogenesis. This provides an energy source that may reduce the body’s ability to burn fat, inhibiting fat loss.
A second thing that happens with a very high-protein intake is that the body is not able to efficiently eliminate the byproducts of protein metabolism such as ammonia, which is toxic for the body. This typically occurs at a protein intake around 230 to 250 grams of protein a day.
Third, when protein is not fully digested and it reaches the intestines, the gut bacteria “eat” it via a fermentation process. This causes you to have fewer beneficial gut flora and leads to the production of inflammatory compounds.
Fix It: For many people who work out, the 1.5 to 1.8 g/kg of bodyweight range of protein is ideal on a low-carb diet. Naturally, some people will benefit from eating a bit more, or from cycling protein so that they have a higher intake in the 2 g/kg range during hypertrophy phases.
#7: Combining Fasting and Low-Carb Eating
Many experienced reduced-carbohydrate eaters report excellent results from fasting. Both practices have similar benefits so it is reasonable to believe they can compliment each other well:
• They improve metabolic flexibility and the body’s ability to use both fat and carbs for energy.
• They improve cellular health and reduce inflammation.
• The improve balance of metabolic hormones that are deranged, such as reducing insulin resistance.
But both practices are stressful on the body and if you take them too far, which can easily happen when striving for leanness, you can experience hormone imbalances, poor sleep, and altered circadian rhythm.
Women appear to be especially susceptible to problems from pairing fasting with low-carb eating because hormone balance is more delicate.
For instance, if cortisol is chronically elevated in response to lack of glucose and calories, the body turns the hormone pregnenolone, which is a precursor to estrogen and testosterone, into progesterone.
Progesterone is then used to make cortisol and aldosterone. Together these hormones lead to greater fat storage and more fluid retention and mean the body is not working properly anymore.
Fix It: You can always try fasting down the road but most people who are new to the reduced-carb lifestyle will find the transition easiest by eating fairly frequent meals (5 to 6 a day) and focusing on ideal food choices. This will improve balance of the hormones that make you hungry and allow you to develop confidence in your eating habits.
#8: Confusion or Fear Due To the Ridiculous Things Your Friends Say about The Low-Carb Lifestyle
There are many misconceptions and lies floating around regarding reduced-carb eating. These are often a result of oversimplification or lack of context, but they can be very confusing and even scary.
For example, you’ve probably heard all of the following things about low-carb diets:
• That they are hard to stick to.
The Truth: Not so. A comparison of 19 randomized control trials that tested low-carb and low-fat diets found the average completion rate for low-carb diets was 79.51 percent compared to 77.72 percent for low-fat diets.
• They are dangerous because they are high in protein and fat, which increases cancer, diabetes, and heart disease risk.
The Truth: Not necessarily. Although there is evidence that a high processed meat intake increases cancer and mortality risk, this is not the same thing as a low-carb diet done properly.
And it’s true that low-carb diets should be high in fat and saturated fat, but neither are strong predictors of heart disease and if adequate plants are consumed, overall health is consistently improved.
• Your brain needs 130 grams of glucose a day to function properly and it must get that from carbs.
The Truth: Not quite. It’s true that the brain requires glucose to function but it can also run on ketones, which are a result of fat metabolism.
And, although zero carb diets are never a smart move, the body is able to manufacture glucose from other sources such as gluconeogenesis (protein being turned into carbs) or from lactate (produced during exercise).
That said, some people will do best with a higher carb intake, but the point is that the everyday things we hear about nutrition are rarely based on science or a complete understanding of the situation.
Fix It: Find a scientifically reputable source for your nutrition information and consider working with a dietitian who has experience helping active people and athletes make low-carb diets work.
Also, avoid polarizing foods into “good” and “bad.” Foods aren’t inherently “good” and “bad”, “healthy” or “unhealthy.” They’re just foods and it’s what happens to them when we eat them in different combinations that has healthy or unhealthy effects.
Mistake #9: Low Sodium or Potassium
When you shift to a low-carb diet, your body ends up excreting more sodium and water as it loses muscle glycogen (the storage form of carbs in the muscle). Potassium is also reduced by this process.
This can lead to mineral imbalances, lower blood pressure, and sluggishness. This situation is commonly mistaken as low blood sugar, and individuals often respond by increasing carb intake.
Fix It: No need to supplement, but make sure that if you exercise, you are consuming 2.5 to 3.5 grams of sodium a day in your diet. Potassium is easily consumed from green veggies and other plants. Cooking with meat broths can also help if you are sweating a lot during exercise.
If you are eating processed or packaged foods, chances are you are getting way more than enough sodium.
Mistake #10: Not Taking Advantage of Low-Carb Aids: Anaerobic Training, Caffeine & Water
Anaerobic training, which includes lifting weights and higher intensity interval modes like sprinting, will improve the body’s ability to use fat for energy. Adapting your body to oxidize fat is something that needs to occur for a low-carb eating program to work.
It’s particularly important for overweight, sedentary people: Exercise is the catalyst to improve fat burning, whereas altering diet alone does not appear to be effective in the short term.
Exercise also triggers protein synthesis and preserves muscle mass during fat loss, which helps maintain the amount of calories the body burns at rest.
Caffeinated coffee in reasonable doses (1 to 3 cups) is a useful aid when transitioning to a low-carb diet because it can significantly enhance exercise performance and motivation when training with low carb energy stores.
Staying hydrated is extremely important because adequate water will help reduce carbohydrate cravings. You lose a significant amount of storage water as your body sheds its muscle glycogen stores. This is not a bad thing as long as you hydrate—something most people don’t do. In addition, water is necessary for beta-oxidation, which is how the body burns fat as an energy source.
Fix It: Start a strength training or moderate-intensity interval program.
Drink 1 to 3 cups of coffee (equal to 1-3 mg/kg of caffeine) pre-exercise.
Shoot for 0.6 to 0.7 ounces per pound of body weight of water a day.
Passmore, R., Swindells, Y. Observations on the respiratory quotients and weight gain of man after eating large quantities of carbohydrate. British Journal of Nutrition. 1963. 17, 331.
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Gardner, C., et al. Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: the A TO Z Weight Loss Study: a randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2007. 297(9), 969-77
2014 Feb 11;11(2
):e1001602. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001602. eCollection 2014.
Patterns of Obesity Development before the Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes: The Whitehall II Cohort Study.
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes vary greatly with respect to degree of obesity at time of diagnosis. To address the heterogeneity of type 2 diabetes, we characterised patterns of change in body mass index (BMI) and other cardiometabolic risk factors before type 2 diabetes diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS:Three patterns of obesity changes prior to diabetes diagnosis were accompanied by distinct trajectories of insulin resistance and other cardiometabolic risk factors in a white, British population. While these results should be verified independently, the great majority of patients had modest weight gain prior to diagnosis. These results suggest that strategies focusing on small weight reductions for the entire population may be more beneficial than predominantly focusing on weight loss for high-risk individuals
Obesity and Cancer Risk
Overweight, obesity, and cancer risk.
Unit of Chemoprevention, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France. firstname.lastname@example.org
Type: Journal Article, Review